Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan located within the federal Islamabad Capital Territory.
A relatively quiet city, Islamabad consists of mainly Federal Government offices, Parliament House, the official residences of the President and Prime Minister along with the Diplomatic Enclave, an area next to the Parliament House dedicated to foreign embassies and missions appointed in Pakistan. The city is home to Faisal Mosque, the largest mosque in South Asia and the fourth largest mosque in the world. Islamabad has the highest literacy rate in Pakistan and is home to the some of the top-ranked universities in Pakistan.
The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan. Peshawar is the capital, and the heart of the province is the fertile area of Peshawar, which is given water by the Kabul and Swat rivers. This was the centre of the ancient kingdom of Gandhara and is rich in archaeological remains.
Punjab is Pakistan’s second largest province by area, after Balochistan, and its most populous province. The capital of Punjab is Lahore.
Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan. The capital of the province is Quetta. The Baloch, Brahvi and Pashtun people constitute the major distinct ethnic groups.
Gilgit Baltistan is the northern-most autonomous territory of Pakistan. Gilgit–Baltistan borders the Wakhan corridor of Afghanistan to the North-West and China’s Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang to the North-East. Gilgi-Baltistan is home to five of the “eight-thousanders”, and to more than fifty peaks above 7000 meters. Gilgit and Skardu are the Two main Hubs of expeditions to those mountains.